José Serra, a foreign minister hostile to the "Bolivarian" axis and to Mercosur

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Rio de Janeiro, May 12 (EFE) .- José Serra assumes the Chancellery with plans to give a 180-degree helm to Brazil’s foreign policy and finally retaliate for Dilma Rousseff and Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, who through from the polls he closed the doors of the Presidency twice.

This veteran senator with a reputation for being unfriendly is an ironclad opponent of the “Bolivarian” bloc with which Lula and Rousseff wove ties and a strong supporter of Brazil releasing ties from Mercosur.

Serra says that the coup d’état of 1964 in Brazil and 1973 in Chile, which he lived in the first person, burned him with an uncompromising defense of human rights for which today, unambiguously, refers to Venezuela as a “dictatorship” “

At 74, he is one of the main leaders of the Brazilian Social Democracy Party (PSDB), the largest center-right force in the country, and was always very critical of the foreign policy of Lula and Rousseff, who will now have the opportunity to change as head of diplomacy.

During the 2010 presidential campaign, he accused Evo Morales of Bolivia of being conniving with drug trafficking and last year he used the Senate tribune to demand that Brazil leave Mercosur, a block that he described as a “megalomaniacal delirium”.

The analyst José Mathias-Pereira, from the University of Brasilia (UNB), told Efe that, with Serra, Brazil’s relationship with the world “will change radically” and will come back to “traditional partners” such as the United States. United and Europe, leaving aside the South-South axis.

Born on March 19, 1942 in Sao Paulo into a family of Italian immigrants, he entered politics through the student movement and became president of the National Union of Students (UNE), an active organization of the left, a year before the coup of 1964.

On the same day of the coup, the military burned down and reduced the UNE headquarters in Rio de Janeiro to ashes and the young Serra took refuge in the Bolivian embassy for four months before taking the path of exile.

Shortly he returned clandestinely to Brazil, but after the arrest of some friends he put his feet back in powder, on the way to Chile, where he graduated in economics and was part of Salvador Allende’s group of advisors when he was overthrown.

A month after the 1973 coup he was arrested and taken to the National Stadium in Santiago, which was used as a prison and torture center during the first months of the Augusto Pinochet dictatorship, although he was released the following day thanks to the management of some friends.

Chile, for Serra, is a second homeland. There he met Mónica Allende, who was a dancer of the National Ballet, with whom he married and had two children and with whom he started exile again, this time in the United States, where he did a master’s degree and a doctorate in economics.

He returned to Brazil in 1978 when the dictatorship was nearing its end and he returned to politics alongside Fernando Henrique Cardoso, whom he met in exile and with whom he founded the PSDB, a party with which he has held public offices of all possible ranges.

With Cardoso, he held the Ministry of Planning and Health between 1995 and 1996, between 1998 and 2002, where he developed an anti-AIDS program considered by the UN as a model in the world and whose success gave him enough credit to present himself to the presidential elections of 2002, in which he failed before Lula.

Then he was mayor and governor of Sao Paulo, where he established a reputation as an honest politician and efficient administrator, although that was not enough to convince the Brazilians in 2010, when they preferred to take Rousseff to the Presidency before him.